Conservation status

Least Concern

Life span

In wild 30 -35 years and captivity 50 years


31-35 inches




1.9 -2.6 pounds

Native habitat

Rainforest in South America, mostly in the northern countries where the weather is warm.



Ara arararuna


The upper parts and back of the Blue and Yellow Macaw are blue, darker on the flight feathers and tail than the rest of the body. The forehead is green-blue, and underparts of the bird starting from the side of the neck are yellow, but under-tail coverts are a dull turquoise. The coloring is suited to life in Central and SouthAmerican rain forests, these are social birds that often gather in flocksof10to30individuals. The flight pattern is slow, with shallow wing beats. They can fly up to 35 miles per hour. The birds sport graceful tails that are typically very long.They use their strong beaks to break open nutshells and crush seeds. Macawsalsohavegrippingtoesthattheyusetolatchonto branches and to grab,hold,and examine items. They mate for life.(Monogamous Pair). Extremelywary,at any sign of danger they flying into theair screeching loudly. Very intelligent,can also imitate sounds,and macaws that live with or near humans often repeat words they hear,practicing to themselves until they get it right. 2-3 eggs are laid in a breeding season and incubated by the female for 24-28 days. The chicks hatch blind and featherless, completely dependent upon the parents.



Blue-and-yellow Macaws are threatened by habitat loss for agriculture. The illegal pet trade has a serious impact on populations in wild too. Programs of conservation include building artificial nests, as competition for cavities is a threat more to these species. Bird’s specialists also try to remove the second chick from the nest, to raise it instead to leave it to die by starvation. However Blue and Yellow macaw populations are not listed as endangered, but they are in real decline in some parts of the range. Support efforts to phase out importing wild birds and encourages captive breeding as an alternative to illegal capture. Educating people about these birds and generating awareness amongst pet lovers could save these birds and their habitat to be with the world forever.